Laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is a procedure where a thin, lighted tube (Endoscope) is inserted in your abdomen through a tiny incision. The Surgeon can look through the laparoscope into your abdominal and pelvic cavity and can see whether the uterus, tubes and ovaries have any pathology. Attached to the end of the laparoscope is a video camera, which allows us to view and record the image which is known as video laparoscopy.

Endoscopy procedure at our hospital

 

What are the Advantages over conventional surgeries?


  • Key whole (small) incisions instead of large conventional incisions.
  • Shorter hospital stay.
  • Fast recovery.
  • Less wound related complications.
  • Magnified visualization and precise dissection.

 

How is Laparoscopy done?


  • These procedures are carried out under general anesthesia.
  • The surgeon inflates the patient’s abdomen with a harmless gas so that the pelvic organs are easy to see.
  • The laparoscope is inserted through a tiny incision in or near the navel. Other instruments may be inserted through one or more other tiny incisions. A video camera is attached to the laparoscope to enlarge and record the view. After the procedure, the gas is released.
  • The incisions are closed with thin sutures which may be self absorbable.

What are pre endoscopy investigations?


A complete pre operative evaluation is carried out to determine whether the patient is fit to undergo the procedure. Depending on the pathology and proposed surgery investigations from following list are carried out.

  • Blood group.
  • Complete blood count.
  • HIV, HBsAg, blood sugar.
  • Renal function tests.
  • Liver function tests.
  • Coagulation profile.
  • ECG, X-ray chest.

Certain specific conditions may require few additional investigations such as yumour markers, CT Scan , MRI etc. The patient is also seen by a physician before the procedure. An admission slip with pre operative admission instructions is given to the patient. You are kept on a liquid diet for a day prior to surgery. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight and the morning before the procedure. You’ll see the anesthesiologist before surgery who’ll answer your questions about anesthesia.